Sleep apnea is a severe sleeping disorder characterised by interruption in a person’s breathing during sleep. A person suffering from an untreated condition of sleep apnea may stop breathing many times during sleep, resulting in oxygen deficiency in brain and other parts of the body.
Types of sleep apnea
Sleepapnea can be distinguished into two parts, as follows: -
- Obstructive sleep apnea – OSA is the most common type of sleep apnea and occurs due to the collapse of soft tissues in throat, which obstructs the airway.
- Central sleep apnea – caused due to respiratory control centre instability, it occurs when due to failure of brain to incite the muscles to breathe.
Sleep apnea can occur in any one irrespective of age or sex. However the risk factors are more in people over the age suffering from overweight or obesity issues. They also occur more in men. The effects of sleep apnea are as follows: -
- Increased chance of stroke
- High blood pressure and diabetes
- Recurrent headaches
- Probability for heart attack, heart failure and so on
- Worsening of ADHD
Symptoms of sleep apnea
The common symptom associated with sleep apnea is loud snoring or waking up with a gasping or choking sensation. Other symptoms include insomnia or disturbed sleep, waking up with dry or sore throat, persistent headaches and mood swings.
Treatment for sleep apnea
Sleep apnea treatment is followed after a diagnosis test or sleep study conducted with the help of various procedures. Once the condition is ascertained, sleep apnea can be treated with procedure ranging from lifestyle and sleep position changes to CPAP therapy. In cases where the condition is very severe, surgical procedures are adopted.
Lifestyle changes include weight loss treatments, changing habits that stimulate the disorder and changing the positions of sleep. The CPAP therapy is growing popular because of its effectiveness to treat the condition. It includes a mask attached to a machine which helps in preventing the collapse of airway while sleeping.
Surgical procedures help in correcting the physical factors like tonsils, mandibular or nasal irregularities that stimulate the condition.
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