Sleep Apnea is sleep disorder which occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. It can also be characterized by instances of shallow breathing while sleeping and pauses in breathing. Each pause can be for few seconds to several minutes. Obstructive, central and mixed are the three forms of this disorder, were mixed sleep apnea is the combination of the central and Obstructive.
Risk factors for sleep apnea :
- Excess weight
- Enlarged tongue
- Large neck size
- Small jaw bone
Attention problems, loud snoring, difficulty staying asleep, awakening with a sore throat, sudden awakenings associated with shortness of breath, morning headache, excessive daytime sleepiness are the Symptoms of Sleep Apnea.
Causes of obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the back your throat relax. When the muscle relaxes the airways narrows as you breath in. People with sleep apnea may not be aware that their sleep was interrupted.
Causes of central sleep apnea
Central sleep apnea is a disorder which occurs when the brain doesn’t send proper signals to the muscles that control your sleeping. This disturbs your sleep and keeps you awake.
Effects of sleep apnea
Sleep apnea causes many health problems if left untreated.
Some of them are:
- High blood pressure
- Heart failure, irregular heartbeats, and heart attacks
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